Weed, Clean and Fertilize
Start in your garden areas. They will most likely need the most work. Clean out all the weeds and leaves of the gardens. Turn the soil over now, so that in the spring the backbreaking chore will be done. The dirt is usually easier to work within the fall. Make sure you put down a fresh layer of organic fertilizer like a steer or chicken manure.
Care for Your Lawn
This is the time of year when you can lower the blades on the mower and cut your lawn lower. With the cooler temperatures, your lawn will not grow as fast. This is the best time of year to feed your lawn.
In the north, you should use a quick-release formula so that all the good nutrients have a chance to feed your lawn before the snow comes. In the warmer states where the winters are shorter with no or little freezing days, you should use a nitrogen-rich fertilizer so that your lawn will stay greener longer.
Mulch some of the leaves into your lawn. Raking helps to pull dead grass and roots that will not decompose in the winter. Raking will allow the grass to have a penetration of water more easily.
Now is the time to give your gutters a good cleaning. Get all the dead wet leaves and any dead animals out of the gutters. The fall brings a lot move leaves down and the ice can clog up the gutters fast. If they are cleaned, it will help to prevent damage to your gutters over the winter.
Mulch Your Garden
The leaves you have taken out of the garden can be mulched up and put back on the newly fertilized garden. Add a layer of straw or leaves to your beds. Protect your shrubs and trees with a layer of mulch to protect them from the freezing cold days of winter.
Shrubs and perennials should be transplanted in the fall. Trees that need to be moved because they have outgrown their area or other reasons, should be transplanted in the fall. This is the safest time of year to do all your transplanting.
Shrubs, trees, and plants should be cut back and trimmed in the fall. All your azaleas, hydrangeas, and rhododendrons need to be trimmed so they do not overgrow in the area they are planted.
Prep Outdoor Faucets and Garden Hoses
All your hoses should be disconnected and rolled up to be stored away neatly. Make sure you store the sprinklers and other watering devices with your hoses. To prevent the exterior water faucets from freezing, insulate all exposed pipes and faucets.
Take the time now to get all your tools ready for the spring. The mower blades need to be sharpened, tools cleaned and the garden tools need a little oil. Clean the weed eater and make sure you have spare wires if needed. Spring is just around the corner, be prepared.